Understanding CBD

CBD Comes From Hemp In 3 Basic Forms:

Full Spectrum CBD that is extracted from hemp, contains all of the other cannabinoids (along with the CBD)  that occur naturally in the plant. in addition to the CBD. This includes THC.  To be considered legal in the US federally and legally compliant with the Farm Bill of 2018, full spectrum hemp extract  must be certified to show that it has less than 0.3% THC of dry weight hemp material. This is only trace amounts and it can’t get you “high” or cause  you to fail a drug test.  It has a dark amber color with a honey like consistency.

Broad spectrum CBD that is extracted from hemp has many of the naturally occurring cannabinoids  including THC completely removed from the hemp plant.  It does not contain all of the naturally occurring phytocannabinoids. It has a lighter consistency from the Full spectrum product and has a watery consistency.

CBD isolate is 99% pure CBD. With CBD isolate, there are no other cannabinoids present. The isolate on its own appears as a white crystalline powder. To form a CBD isolate, the CBD must be extracted and isolated from all other cannabinoids.  With isolate,  all other substances, including terpenes and cannabinoids are removed.

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We believe that Full-Spectrum CBD is the most beneficial form of hemp CBD because it contains all of the cannabinoids as they occur in the plant (except for THC which has been removed to trace amounts).  This is important because all of the cannabinoids and terpenes in the plant are believed to have a benefit and they are believed to work together creating  what’s called “the entourage effect.” This synergy improves the impact of the CBD, and for this reason, many CBD users prefer full-spectrum over all other forms.

Understanding CBD Product Labels

It is very important for hemp CBD purchasers to understand the label in order to purchase a quality CBD product. Since formulating products with CBD is expensive, a lot of unscrupulous companies intentionally make it difficult to understand how much CBD is actually in the product they are purchasing.


Does the package label say Hemp Oil, Hemp CBD Oil, Hemp Extract, CBD Hemp Extract or does the label specify the actual amount of hemp extract and the actual certified amount of pure CBD?


If a package is labeled with Hemp Oil or xyz milligrams of hemp oil or CBD hemp oil, it may not contain any actual CBD.  What the label is saying is that the product only contains an amount of oil from the hemp plant which contains some CBD.  It is probably not concentrated enough to provide any actual CBD.   A legitimate product will clearly provide the following information on the label:

  1. The form of hemp extract (Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, Oil or isolate).
  2. The amount of Hemp Extract in milligrams per bottle.
  3. The amount of pure CBD in the bottle expressed as a percentage of the hemp extract.
  4. The amount of hemp extract per dose.
  5. The amount of pure CBD per dose.
  6. An independent Certificate of Analysis confirming the above numbers.
  7. Does not claim to cure, treat, or prevent diseases.


At Herb Tech Pharmaceuticals, we proudly display this information on the label and provide a CR code on the label to give you access to the Certificates of Analysis validating our product

The Endocannabinoid System

To understand CBD, it helps to first understand the human endocannabi­noid system, or ECS. This complex system involves signaling molecules called endocannabinoids (which the body produces on its own in tiny amounts), their receptors are scattered throughout the body and deep in the skin, along with enzymes that synthesize and break down the molecules.

The ECS is a fairly recent discovery. Researchers identified it in the 1990s when, while exploring the physiological effects of cannabis, noticed that endocannabinoids including CBD where interacting with many of the same receptors as the cannabis molecules but having different effects.

Cannabinoid receptors exist throughout the body: in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive system, heart, blood cells, muscles, and elsewhere. In fact, a large  concentration of endocannabinoid receptors are in the living skin layers.   The body’s own endocannabinoids engage with these receptors to affect a wide range of physiological functions.

The ECS is responsible for two basic activities, explains Michael Moskowitz, MD, author of Medical Cannabis. The first is modulating energy and well-being. The second is nudging the body back to homeostasis. Because of this governing role, the ECS is sometimes referred to as the “master regulatory system.”

In her book, Healing With CBD, Eileen Konieczny, RN, cites the work of endocannabinoid researcher Robert Melamede, PhD, and writes, “You can think of the ECS as the taskmaster that is constantly multitasking, adjusting, and readjusting the complex network of molecular thermostats that control our physiological tempo.”

“The ECS is more responsible for maintaining balance and health than any other system,” Moskowitz notes. “We’re still learning about the full extent of its function, but we’re beginning to understand that the ECS is now believed to be the most important system for maintaining health.